Effects of Communication Strategies on Family Relationship in Nasarawa State.


This study was carried out to examine the effects of communication strategies on the family relationships in State.

Three research objectives were raised, among which was to; determine communication strategies used in husband/wife subsystem of the families.

Three null hypotheses and three assumptions were raised.

The study used  descriptive survey method of design.

The instruments used to collect information from respondents were interview and questionnaire.

Data collected were subjected to statistical analysis using frequencies and percentage for demographic variables, frequencies, mean and standard deviation for research questions.

while Pearson, Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was used to measure the correlation between communication strategies used in husband/wife subsystem, parent/children subsystem and children/children subsystem and their relationships.

The three null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance.

It was revealed from the tested null hypotheses that there exists a significant correlation between communication strategies used in all the subsystems and their relationships.

The three null hypotheses were therefore rejected.

The results of the findings revealed that in the husband wife subsystem of the families, the communication strategy used by majority of couples in Nasarawa State  that  they talk down on each other because of the familiarity they have for one another.

In the parent/children subsystem of the families, it was found that parents do not spend quality time with their children, and in the children/children subsystem of the families it was revealed that the children, that is the older ones tease the younger ones in their communication.

Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that family members should embark on effective communication so    as to lessen cases of crises and tensions in the family so as to strengthen family relationship.


Background of the Study

Communication is the basic block of family relationships as well as the heart of every relationship.

Communication is regarded as a key to warmth in family relationship. It is also through communication that family members convey their thoughts, feelings and connection.

Epstein, Bishop, Ryan, Miller  and  Keither (1993), defined communication as the way in which verbal and non-verbal information are changed between family members.

Verbal communication is accompanied with words, which  include  the  tone  of voice and choice of words used by those involved.

Non-verbal communication involves body signs or language which include eye contact, facial expression, body posture as well as physical expression like hugs, kisses a pat on the back.

It was further explained that communication involves the ability to pay attention to what others have to say in order to get the information that is to be  passed  across. Looking at what communication is further, Pelt (2002), defined it  as  a two-way street of conversation which comprises the giving and receiving of information.


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