US Military Operations, Governance and Security in Afghanistan, 2001-2010.

Abstract

America’s military invasion of Afghanistan in 2001 has attracted  a lot of scholarly debate. Its military operations in Afghanistan till date have plagued the nation into a cesspit of insecurity and misgovernance.

This study has been designed to  critically evaluate US military operations, governance and security in Afghanistan. To achieve the aim of the study, we raised two research questions.

First, did the US government’s military strategies de-escalate the menace of insecurity in Afghanistan between 2001 and 2010? Second, has the US government’s military operations enhanced the stability of government in Afghanistan?

The study anchored analysis on  power  theory, relied heavily on qualitative data did expost facto research design to analyze the study. After a critical review of available data and literature, the study revealed as fallows:

first, that the US government’s military strategies have not reduced the menace of insecurity in Afghanistan second, US government’s military operations has not enhanced stability of governance in Afghanistan.

Table Of Contents

Title page——————- i

Approval Page—————– ii

Dedication——————— iii

Acknowledgement————– iv

Table of Contents————— v

Abstract————— vi

List of Acronyms and Abbreviations———- vii

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

  • Introduction
  • Statement of Problem
  • Objectives of Study
  • Significance of Study
  • Literature Review
  • Theoretical Framework
  • Hypotheses
  • Method of Data Collection

CHAPTER  TWO: US MILITARY OPERATIONS  IN AFGHANISTAN

  • US Military Plans before the 2001 Afghanistan Attacks
  • Legal Basis for War
  • Various Account of War in Afghanistan
  • International Reaction to the War

CHAPTER THREE: US MILITARY STRATEGIES IN AFGHANISTAN AND INTERNAL AND INTERNATIONAL SECURITY

  • September 11 Attacks and Operation Enduring Freedom
  • Post-War Security Operations and Force Capacity Building
  • Taliban, Al Qaeda, and Related Insurgent Groups
  • The NATO- Led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) and Security in Afghanistan

CHAPTER  FOUR:  US  MILITARY OPERATIONS  AND GOVERNANCE IN AFGHANISTAN

  • Post-Taliban Nation Building
  • Political Transition in Afghanistan
  • Enhancing Local Governance

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Introduction

Background of Study

The US military Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) was launched along with the British military in response to the September 11, 2001 attacks on the US.

The UK has since 2002, led its own military operation, Operation Herrick, as part of the same war in Afghanistan.

The character of the war evolved from a violent struggle by US led forces against Al-Qaeda and its Taliban supporters, to a complex counter-insurgency effort by U.S- led forces against Afghans who claim to be trying to expel those U.S.- led forces.

The war has killed tens of thousands of people, the majority   of  whom     have  been civilians (http://en.wikipedia.or/wiki/war in Afghanistan2001, retrieved  on 15/11/2010).

The first phase of the war was the aftermath of the attacks  of September 11, 2001 when the United States Launched Operation Enduring Freedom.

which they claimed had the goal of “removing the safe haven to Al-Qaeda and its use of the Afghan territory as a base of operations for anti-US, and terrorist activities”.

In the first phase, US and coalition forced, working with the Afghan opposition forces of the Northern Alliance,  quickly ousted the Taliban regime.

During the following Karzai administration, the character of the war shifted to an effort aimed at smothering an insurgency hostile to the US-backed Karzai government, in which the insurgents preferred not to directly confront the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)

Bibliography

Asogwa,    F.    C.    (1991)    Understanding     International     Relations, Enugu: Vougasen Ltd.

Ary, D. et al (1993) Introduction to Research in Education. New Tork: Holt Rinehart & Winston

George, G. (2010) Succeeding in Afghanistan, London: In  type Libra Limited.

Isaac, S. and Micheal, W.B. (1971) Handbook in Research and Evaluation. San Diego, California: Robert R. Knapp

Hans, J. M. (1945) Politics Among Nation, New York: knopf

Kilcullen, D. (2009) The Accidental Guerrilla-Fighting Small  Wars in the Midst of a Big One, London: Hurst and Company.

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