– The Effects of Computerized Accounting System on the Performance of Banking in Nigeria – 

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The research topic of this study is “The Effect of Computerized Accounting System on the Performance of in Banking Industry – a study of selected banks in Enugu Metropolis.

The purpose is to know whether the application of Computerized Accounting System superceed that of manual Accounting System, and that if computerized Accounting System enhance higher turnover and profitability, and also whether a computerized accounting system is an effective means of keeping accounting records.

The study population is 70 persons who are the members of the staff of the three major selected banks. Using the Taro Yamene’s formula the sample size calculated gave (60).

The formulated hypothesis were tested using the analysis of variance (ANOVA) statistical technique at 5% level of significance.

The researcher also made use of primary methods of data collection which included questionnaire and personal interview.

Also the secondary method of data collection used was gotten from official documents of the banks, various research work on computerized accounting system, accounting journals, textbooks and Caritas University Amorji – Nike, Emene,

Enugu State library. Based on these, the researcher recommended that banks in Enugu Metropolis should channel most of their resources in the training and development of bankers and Accountants personnel in computerized accounting system related technology such as I.C.T to boost performance in their banking operations and their personnel.

Also due to the widespread of  computer trends and its dynamics nature, it is recommended that banks in Enugu metropolis who are still battling with manual system should adopt specifically the Computerized Accounting System.


Dedication                                                    ii

Acknowledgements                                      iii

Abstract                                                        iv



  • Background of the Study 1
  • Statement of the Problem 4
  • Objective of the Study 4
  • Research Questions 5
  • Hypotheses of the Study 6
  • Significance of the Study 7
  • Scope and Limitation of the Study 8
  • Definition of Terms 9


  • Conceptual Framework 10
  • What is Accounting System? 15
  • Methods for Computerization in Accounting 17
  • Types and Principles of Computerized Accounting System 20
  • What Is computer and Computer Trends 26
  • Types and Why We Use Computer System 28
  • Accounting 37
  • Application of Computer in Accounting System 29
  • Merits and Demerits of Computerized Accounting System and its Differences with Manual Accounting System                  41
  • Problems and Control of Computerized Accounting System 49
  • The Effect of Computerized Accounting System on the performance of Banking Industry in Nigeria 47
  • A Brief History Origin of Banking under study 49


  • Research Design 52
  • Sources of Data 53
  • Research Instrument 55
  • Reliability/Validity of Research Instrument 55
  • Population of the Study 56
  • Sample Size/Technique 57
  • Administration of Research Instrument 61
  • Method of Data Analysis 61
  • Decision Criterion for Validation of Hypothesis 62


  • Presentation of Data 63
  • Testing of Hypotheses 80


  • Summary of Findings 93
  • Conclusion 95
  • Recommendations 96

Bibliography                                                 100


Today’s modern technology brought into use the computer, this technology is the application of science to gathering, recording, processing and communicating of business information by means of electronic media.

Most commonest tool for application is the computer and it involves all the transaction processing system management information system various business support system etc.

The computer is a central force in the advancement of various organization. The historical development of computer started with Hollerith punched card of 1880,Goerge Alken calculator and Charles Babbage’ creation of the difference engine.

The computer can be defined as a tool or device which is able to accept facts (data) and figure in a prescribed form, apply prescribed processes to data and supply result of the processes in a specified format as a meaningful information.

There are also different types of information depending on the make or type of their functions. The revolution in technology to the computer complements or in the other hand, substitute for ten elements which are: – paper, personal memos, charts, reports, calculators, terminals letter.


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Ama, G.A.N. (2003). Fundamental of Public Sector Accounting and Finance. Nigeria: Amasons Publication Ventures.

Ama, G.A.N. (2004). Simplified Financial Accounting. Nigeria: John Jacob’s Classic Publishers Ltd.

Bhorka, A. D (2005). Accounting and Finance For Bankers. India: Rajiv Beri for Macmillan Publishers.

Bordens, K.S and Abbott B.B (2002) Research Design and Methodology U.S.A: L.C.C Publications.

Chionye,  L.E.   (2003)  Fundamentals  of   Accounting.     Lagos: Bendons and Associates Publishers.

French, C. S. (1996) Computer Science. Canada: Fifth Edition: Nelson Education Limited.

Hartzell, D. (2006) Dictionary of Management. India: Academic Publishers.

Hussey,  R.  (2005)  Oxford  Dictionary  of  Accounting.  U.S.A: Oxford University Press.

Ikemefuna, CY .O. (2006) Management Theory and Practice.

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