The Effect of Simulation Method on Students Achievement and Retention in Some Concepts in Government at Senior Secondary School in Nsukka Education Zone.


The research investigated the effect of simulation and retention in some concepts n government at senior secondary school in Nsukka education zone. A quasi-experimental design of the pre- test post-test won equivalent research design was adopted. Four research questions and four hypotheses guided the study.

A sample of 287 SSII students (140 males and 147 females) was selected from four schools using multi stage sampling technique. Test (test blue print and the test item (GAT) were face and content validated by experts in the field). Two instruments were used for data collection.

They are government achievement fest (GAT) and government Retention Test (ETRT) the reliability of the interment using kuder Richardson formula 20 (KR-20) and the reliability coefficient of 0.91 was obtained. It was formed that simulation method is more superior to lecture method in terms of student achievement and retention.

Its terms of gender male and female students taught with simulation method achieved and retained almost equality. Finally, it was recommended that simulation method should be used in classrooms and should be regular workshops and in-service training for teachers on the use of simulation method and the need for adequate supervision to ensure effective implementation of government curriculum. 


Government has different definitions and meanings. It means different thing to different people in different situations. Some people may see it as a process, some may see it as an institution and others may see it as a subject. Government as a process implies the complex networking of system for purposes of rule making, rule implementation and rule adjudication (Obianyo, 2002).

This in a simple parlance means the actual State administration. In this definition, people see Government from the point of what the body of people in administration can do for the ruled. Government as an institution connotes a series of accepted and regular procedures for the administration of the people in a State (Oriaku, 2000).

Government as an institution is the most common perception of the term Government, in the sense that it falls within the common man’s daily usage of the term to describe those apparatuses or institutions of the State responsible for governance (Obianyo, 2002).

 Ezegbe (2006:113) defining Government as an institution states that it is “the body of persons who are engaged in the business of law making, law administration and law adjudication”. Government as an institution refers to machinery for State administration.

Government as an academic field of study can be referred to as a subject of study. That is Government as a reading course in the secondary schools’ curriculum, colleges of education and universities. It is the study of agencies, political institutions and dynamics of the State (Anyaele, 1994). 


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StudentsandScholarship Team.

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