Personnel Perception of Management of Federal and State Polytechnics in South-East Nigeria.


The purpose of this study was to determine personnel perception of the management of federal and state polytechnics in South East Nigeria.

Four research questions and four null hypotheses were generated and formulated respectively for the study. Descriptive survey design was employed and a 51-item questionnaire was developed and administered to 200 respondents in the six polytechnics.

Disproportionate random sampling technique was used to  select  10%  of the 2003  lecturers giving For fair representation of all the departments in the six polytechnics, 33 lecturers were chosen from each polytechnics.

Focus group discussion was carried out with the student union government leaders of the six polytechnics while on-the-spot observation checklist was used for the physical facilities and equipment.

There was also an interview schedule held with the principal officers and deans of schools of the six polytechnics in South East, Nigeria.

The instrument was validated by three experts of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, two in educational administration and planning and one in measurement and evaluation.

Two research assistants were trained and assisted the researcher in data collection while focus group discussion, interview and checklist were handled by the researcher.

Eighty five percent of the questionnaire were duly completed and returned. To determine the reliability of the instruments, cronbach alpha method was used on the scores obtained in a trial testing to determine the internal consistency.

The reliability of the whole instrument was.The statistics used for the analysis were the mean, standard deviation and t-test. Qualitative analysis was used to present the results of the focus group discussion and interview carried out.

The study found that instructions are managed to a great extent, while financial, personnel and physical facilities/equipment are managed to less extent in the polytechnics. Overall, there is poor management of polytechnics in South East Nigeria.


Background of Study

Management is an integral part of an organization. The survival of any organization is dependent largely on the quality of management or administrative services involved.

Obi (2000) defined management as the process of ensuring judicious allocation of available organizational inputs (human and material resources) through planning, organizing, directing, controlling and procuring for the purposes of maximizing results.

Management is used in firms, industries, private and public organizations like hospitals, banks, government offices and institutions of learning.

Management can also be seen as a means of working with people for achievement of goals.

Anaekwe (2002) in his own view, noted that management is the process of planning, organizing, leading and controlling of the efforts of organizational members and the use of other organizational resources to achieve stated organizational goals.

Obi (2003) stressed that management is a process of planning and organizing operations in order to achieve a coordination of human and material resources essential for the effective and efficient attainment of set objectives.

Management therefore is the guiding of the efforts of people towards some common objectives. Hence, management is very essential ingredient in the life of every organization for purpose of efficiency and productivity.

From the these definitions, it can also be deduce that management is a social process which has goals to achieve.


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Akpakwu, O.S. & Ochaga, E.A. (2003). Human resources management towards stable higher institutions of Nigeria: A survey of Benue State. Benue State University Journal of Education, 4 (1), 43 – 56.

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Anaekwe, J. A. (2002). Design and Implementation of Data Management in Secondary Schools: A Case Study of Comprehensive Secondary Schools, Onitsha. An Unpublished M.Ed Thesis, Federal University of Technology, Owerri.

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